A knitted fabric
is made of loops. There are different types of knit fabrics, such as stockinette and garter stitch. Some are patterned, while others are simply plain. A knit fabric may have point-like ornaments to enhance its appearance and wear. Loop knitting, for example, makes use of long loops to create a shaggy appearance. Embroidery resembling knitting is also used to create patterns on knitted fabric. Frogs and buttons may also be added to knit garments.
The density of a stitch refers to the total number of loops created by a needle in a given area. Stitch density is measured in loops per square centimeter or square inch. Various types of knit fabrics have different stitch densities. For instance, plain knits are prone to slipping and splitting if the yarn splits. Knitted textiles may also have a Velour or plush appearance.
Knitted fabrics have various characteristics that make them ideal for different applications. Its high degree of deformation and flexibility allow for easy stretching and fitting. This allows it to conform to the shape of the human body without requiring intricate cutting and styling. Knitted fabrics are becoming more versatile and compete with woven fabrics in many applications. As more manufacturers use knit fabrics in their creations, consumer prejudices toward knitted fabric are fading.
While woven fabric often has a selvedge, knit fabric has a small selvedge, which is the visible edge. Knitted fabrics are always softer than woven fabrics and may also have some added stretch to help them conform to the wearer's body. However, the difference between woven and knit fabrics is significant and will affect your selection of fabric. The most important factor in selecting a knitting fabric is its stretch. If it is too stiff or loose, it is not a good choice for sewing.
Knitted textiles can be made without seams. Instead of sewing them together, you can use short rows to create darts or flares. For a seamless garment, a fine thread can be used instead of knitting yarn. Generally, the thinner the yarn is, the more elasticity the fabric will have. If you don't have the time to sew seams, knitted textiles can unravel or have fewer seams.
Knitted fabrics are comfortable to wear and require little care to maintain a neat appearance. They resist wrinkling and can be used in sportswear. The elastic qualities of knit fabrics make them suitable for active wear. In addition, they allow plenty of physical activity. Knitted fabric is made using circular knitting machines. The spiral shape of the fabric makes it difficult to match wales and courses in knitting. Moreover, knitted fabrics have a higher level of durability than woven materials.
The structure of knitted fabrics varies from simple to intricate. In general, weft knitted fabric is the most common. In this type of knit fabric, the yarn is introduced sideways and twisted repeatedly, resulting in sets of loops. The resulting fabric is easier to stretch than warp knit fabrics. There are also a few differences between warp and weft knit fabrics. For example, weft knit fabric is easier to stretch than warp knit fabrics, while warp knit fabrics are more resilient and durable.